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Malcolm X
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MX650214a.rm

His last public appearance delivered outside of New York, the Muslim minister and Master Teacher addresses a gathering in Detroit the night after his house was bombed, wearing clothes he picked out of the remains. The seminal figure of the Black Nationalist political philosophy which was unfailingly vindicated over the years following his assassination, this speech, the most moderate of his career, portended well what his promise would have been had he lived to further his union of Nationalist and Desegregationist political philosophies, and best sets out his evolving and pioneering insight into, and program for, social and racial justice.

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MX650214b.rm

Part Two of the above.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet.rm

This seminal speech was to have reverberations, socially and politically, in and out of the Black community that continue to this day, and will certainly continue for years to come. Minister Shabbazz had not yet "toned down" his militant rhetoric, and as this speech evinces, he had little need to. His speech stands as one of the most practical and cogent programs of political philosophy and minority activism ever devised. He makes it clear that the choice before America in 1965 was between a socio-political and a physical revolution, and that a failure to come to an equitable solution in the former case must of necessity bring about the latter. This might be hard for Whites [such as myself : ) ] to hear if they listen only to the tone, but if they listen to the content, it is identical in character to any legitimate call to Freedom anywhere by any oppressed people. By this standard, the speech not only sizes up winningly, it stands out as a statement of brilliance and genius.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
SistersFriendsEnemies.wav

"Sisters, and friends - and I see some enemies. In fact, I think we'd be fooling ourselves if we had an audience this large and didn't realize that there were some enemies present."

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
TheBallotOrTheBullet.wav

"This afternoon, we want to talk about the ballot or the bullet. 'The ballot or the bullet' explains itself. But before we get into it, since this is the year of the ballot or the bullet, I would like to clarify some things that refer to me personally, concerning my own personal position. I'm still a Muslim - that is, my religion is still Islam."

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'BlackNationalistFreedomFighter'.wav

Minister X explains that he, like Christian ministers in the Civil Rights Movement, is a Muslim minister fighting for Civil Rights, but who also believes in fighting on more than one front and is also "a Black Nationalist Freedom Fighter".

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
Religion'MyPersonalBusiness'.wav

In a departure from his rhetoric of earlier days, the Minister describes his religion as "my personal business".

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
PoliticalEconomicSocialBlackNationalism.wav

To further his departure from the rhetoric of his earlier days, the Minister characterizes his program as a social, political and economic one rather than religious.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
BlackNationalistPhilosophy.wav

A definition of the Minister's political theory of Black Nationalism as that of Blacks controlling the politics and politicians of the community in which they live.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
WhiteFlight.wav

A further clarification of Black Nationalism in terms of communities which become Black after Whites flee them in the face of a mixed community.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
PoliticalPhilosophy.wav

A call to "political maturity" and political re-education within the Black community to reflect a value system of personal responsibility.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
EconomicPhilosophy.wav

A definition of the minister's economic philosophy of Black Nationalism as Blacks owning, operating and controlling the economy of their community.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
EconomyOfCommunity.wav

The minister chides his audience about their acquiescence in allowing others to take control of the economy of their community.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
EconomicReeducation.wav

A call for economic re-education within the Black community to teach communal mercantilism and personal responsibility.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
WhiteStoresBlackCommunity.wav

A pointing-out of the fact that even when Blacks try to spend money in their own community, since they don't have Black owned and operated business, they can't enrich themselves.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
CommunityStores.wav

A call for setting up community stores that grow and expand from their own into other communities.

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CommunityBusinesses.wav

A further clarification of Black economic philosophy as involving the raised awareness of Black people to go into business and learning the skills to do so.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
Religion.wav

More distinction of religion from out of the Black Nationalist philosophy the minister espouses, "because if it hasn't done anything more for you than it has, you need to forget it anyway!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'TurnToOurselves'.wav

A call for Blacks to turn to themselves for help rather than to the government, insincere White liberals and other sources to whom they have turned to short of themselves.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
NonSectarianBlackNationalism.wav

A description of Black Nationalism as a philosophy distinct in its obligations from any religious and civic obligations one might have, allowing anyone to adopt this "self-help" philosophy as their own regardless of their affiliations.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
MoreBlacksThanWhites.wav

An exclamation that "I hope the white man can see this!" in the face of political and social realities that render a white racist power structure impotent in fighting them.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'APoliticalChump'.wav

A pointing-out of the fact that though the Black vote puts politicians into office, Black political immaturity results in Blacks becoming oppressed by the politicians they elect.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
Coffee.wav

An exposition of how cynical White politicians patronize Black leaders with a show of insincere solidarity, using the example of a then-popular practice of politicians inviting Black leaders for a well-publicized coffee klatch.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
Mislead,Had,Took.wav

"No, I say you've been mislead! You've been had! You've been took!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
Senators'DownTheDrain'.wav

The minister explains how, when he observed the Senate in operation during a visit to Washington, he saw that the Senators who were filibustering Civil Rights legislation were from the states with the most amount of Blacks.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'WhetherYouLikeItOrNot'.wav

"I'm not the kind of person who'd come here to say what you like! I'm gonna tell you the truth, whether you like it or not!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
BloodVsBloodless.wav

A statement that America has, for the first time in History, a chance to conciously choose between a bloody or bloodless revolution.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
BloodlessRevolution.wav

A survey of bloody revolutions and a citing of the uniqueness of America in being able to choose a revolution that isn't bloody.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
PhilosophyIntoAction.wav

A statement of political genius that meshes with the mystical: "Once you change your philosophy, you change your thought pattern. Once you change your thought pattern, you change your attitude. Once you change your attitude, it changes your behavior pattern, and then you go on into some action. As long as you've got a sit-down philosophy, you'll have a sit-down thought pattern. And as long as you think that ol' sit-down thought, you'll be in some kind of sit-down action - they'll have you sittin'-in everywhere!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
SittingAndStanding.wav

A criticism of "sitting-in" as a political philosophy in the face of the need to "start doing some standing".

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
NationalismVsColonialism.wav

A comparison of the American Civil Rights Movement with political independence movements in Africa and Asia.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
AmericanColonialism.wav

An exposition of how America behaves exactly as a colonial power does, both domestically and internationally.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
NationalismBallotOrBullet.wav

An explanation of how Black Nationalism is the remedy to American Colonialism.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
YearOfBallotOrBullet.wav

"Looks like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet."

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
RacialPowderKeg.wav

An explanation of why 1965 might be the year of the ballot or the bullet.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
WhyYearOfBallotOrBullet.wav

"Why does it look like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet?"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
UnderstandThis!.wav

"Understand this, it's dangerous!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
BetweenLincoln&Washington.wav

An exposition of how White liberals subverted the 1963 "March On Washington".

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
ToFoolUs!.wav

"What can the White man use now to fool us?"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
HeMadeAChumpOfYou.wav

"He made a chump out of you!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
HeMadeAFoolOfYou.wav

"He made a fool out of you!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'WhatDoWeCareAboutOdds'.wav

A plaintive statement that the new generation of Blacks aren't interested in "Uncle Tom action" and are unconcerned with the odds - "what do we care about odds?!"

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'LibertyOrDeath!'.wav

A comparison of how the thirteen American colonies were able to stand up against the might of the British Empire and how American Blacks can stand up to America.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
NewGeneration.wav

A further exposition of how Black youth are more militant and more correct than their "Uncle Tom" contemporaries.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
NewGeneration.wav

A further exposition of how Black youth are less concerned with the odds of success than their "Uncle Tom" contemporaries in terms of their being unafraid to stand up to 800 million Chinese in Korea and Viet Nam.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
'VictimsOfAmericanism'.wav

A prediction that 1965 would be an explosive political crisis precisely because it was an election year.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
DemocracyAndHypocrisy.wav

The minister explains how Democracy has proven to be a hypocrisy to Black victims in America.

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MX65TheBallotOrTheBullet-
TheBlackAreBornInJail.wav

An exposition of how being Black in America is the same as being born in jail.

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MX63DetroitCommonEnemy-
House&FieldNegroes.rm

A speech in Detroit delivered shortly after his break with Elijah Muhammed and the Nation of Islam, wherein he calls for Black unity in the context of his chosen exemplar of the method of such unity, the 1955 Bandung Conference of Indonesia.

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MX63Detroit-
'OffTheCuffChat'.wav

From the above: "And during the few moments that we have left, we want to have just an off-the-cuff chat between you and me - us! We want to talk right down-to-earth, in a language that everybody here can easily understand."

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MX63Detroit-
'We'reHerProblem'.wav

The minister explains that "America's problem is us - we're her problem" in the context of Black problems with a racist America.

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MX63Detroit-
'ForgetOurDifferences'.wav

A call to Blacks to "forget our differences" because they all 'catch hell" for the common reason that they are Black.

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MX63Detroit-
TheBandungConference.wav

An explanation of the Bandung Conference as a model for Blacks to work together. This pivotal explanation had far-flung effects upon the Civil Rights Movement, most quickly and especially on Black youth and their organizations, such as the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC - "Snick") and their leaders, such as Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown and others.

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MX63Detroit-
AiringDifferences.wav

Minister X calls for Blacks to cease their "uncouth" and "uncivilized" public airing of their differences so that they can pose "a common front".

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MX63Detroit-
ForWhomYouBleed.wav

Minister X points out the hypocrisy of Blacks shedding their blood in America's wars while lacking the will to shed their blood to protect their own people in America.

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MX63Detroit-
HistoryRewardsAllResearch.wav

A brilliant insight: "Of all our studies, History is best qualified to reward all research. And when you see that you've got problems, all you have to do is examine the historic method used all over the world by others who had problems similar to yours, and once you see how they got theirs straight, then you know how you can get yours straight."

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MX63Detroit-
'SomeLandNotSomeFrance'.wav

A wry comment on how Algeria, during its war of liberation from France, rejected their offer to become integrated into France because "they wanted some land, not some France."

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MX63Detroit-
'TheNegroRevolution'.wav

Minister X contrasts violent world revolutions with the non-violent "Negro Revolution" in terms as abstract as ideological politics and as basic as public toilet rights.

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MX63Detroit-
'YouNeedARevolution'.wav

A call for Blacks who don't agree with Minister X's interpretation of the international significance of revolution to recognize that "you need a revolution!".

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MX63Detroit-
Singing&Swinging.wav

The minister compares revolutions based on singing & those based on "swinging".

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MX63Detroit-
'CrawlBackOnThePlantation'.wav

"A revolutionary wants land so he can set up his own nation an independent nation. These negroes aren't asking for no nation - they trying to crawl back on the plantation!"

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MX63Detroit-
'HouseNegroes'Intro.wav

Minister Malcolm begins to expand, in his own inimitable style and with his own unique insight, upon the classification of Negroes championed by Du Bois and others into "House Negroes" and "Field Negroes". This speech, too, had far-reaching effects in and out of the Black community.

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MX63Detroit-
'HouseNegroes'End.wav

The conclusion of the above.

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MX63Detroit-
'FieldNegroes'Intro.wav

Malcolm continues with an exposition of "Field Negroes".

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MX63Detroit-
'FieldNegroes'End.wav

"Field Negroes", conclusion.

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MX63Detroit-
'I'mAFieldNegro'.wav

"You've got 'Field Negroes' in America today. I'm a Field Negro. The masses are the Field Negroes. When they see this man's house on fire, you don't hear these little negroes talking 'bout 'our government is in trouble' - they say 'the government is in trouble'!"

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MX63Detroit-
'SufferPeacefully'.wav

Minister X makes a legitimate analogy between "'Uncle Tom' leaders" and novacaine.

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MX63Detroit-
'ThatOldTimeReligion'.wav

A militant comparison between the morality of the Koran and the will to 'suffer peacefully'.

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MX63Detroit-
TomUsedAsNegroLeader.wav

An amazing, provocative and brilliant comparison of the use of "Tom" to control Negroes a century before and in the modern era.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution1.wav

In support of the above proposition of "Uncle Tom" having been used as a tool by White supremicists to control the Negro masses, Minister X begins an exposition of how the 1963 "March On Washington" was subverted by White liberals. Even the staunchest supporters (like myself) of Martin Luther King, James Farmer and their like will have a very great deal to think about as they hear this explained in the course of this and the following several files.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution2.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution3.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution4.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution5.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution6.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution7.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution8.wav

The above, continued.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution9.wav

The above, concluded.

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MX63Detroit-
LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution9a.wav

From the above: "They controlled it so tight, they told those Negroes what time to hit town, how to come, where to stop, what sign to carry, what speech they could make and what speech they couldn't make, and then told them to get out of town by sundown."

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MX63Detroit-
'ICanProveWhatI'mSaying'.wav

From MX63Detroit-LeadersUsedAgainstRevolution8.wav: "I know you don't like what I'm saying, but I'm gonna tell you anyway - 'cause I can PROVE what I'm saying!"

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MXUnityRally-
'NoCompromise'.wav

This, along with the following files, are outtakes of speeches the Minister made in Harlem NYC while still a member of the Nation of Islam. They predate his conversion to more liberal attitudes about the race issue in America, yet they contain moments of brilliance and oratorical genius that were to recommend him so well to moderate contemporaries who recognized his promise and served him so well in his future vocation as a non-sectarian Black Nationalist. In this outtake, he castigates less militant Black ideologies by listing all the exceptions Black militants would refuse to take in the American racial struggle.

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MXUnityRally-
WolvesAndFoxes.wav

An exposition of the "White Wolf" of the south and the "White Fox" of the north.

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MXUnityRally-
Revolutionary&CivilWar.wav

A deconstruction of the goals of the American Revolutionary and Civil Wars.

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MXUnityRally-
'DontLetTheWhiteManFoolYou'.wav

"Don't let the White man fool you!"

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MXUnityRally-
TheCivilWar.wav

An exposition of the actual goals of the American Civil War.

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MXUnityRally-
RaceWar.wav

Minister X declares a race war to be the logical outcome of the motives which made America fight the Revolutionary and Civil Wars.

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MXUnityRally-
WhiteLiberalLandlords.wav

An indictment of White landlords who act as liberals and oppress the Black community with poor and usurious housing.

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MXUnityRally-
TheTruth.wav

Minister Malcolm winningly qualifies the character of his rhetoric with "the truth".

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MXUnityRally-
'JustTellTheTruth!'.wav

"Just tell the truth!"

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MXUnityRally-
'AllYouNeedIsTheTruth'.wav

"You don't need any blade - you don't need any switchblade - all you need is the truth. They put you in jail for carrying a blade but they can't put you in jail for telling the truth."

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MXUnityRally-
HarlemHousing.wav

Minister Malcolm frankly discusses the terrible housing conditions in Harlem.

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MXUnityRally-
'What'sGoodForTheGoose'.wav

"...and what's good for the goose is good for the gander! Remember that! What's good for the goose is good for the gander! Do you understand what I'm saying? What's good for the goose is good for the gander!"

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MXUnityRally-
'WhyGoodGod'.wav

Why, Good God, man, what's happening to your woman?!"

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MXUnityRally-
HarlemHealth.wav

Malcolm exposes the appalling health conditions in Harlem.

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MXUnityRally-
'Trapped'.wav

"Our people here in Harlem are trapped - trapped! - in a vicious cycle of ignorance, poverty, disease, sickness and death - and there seems no way out!"

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MXUnityRally-
Alcohol&Drugs.wav

Minister Malcolm indicts the use of drugs and alcohol in the Black community.

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MXUnityRally-
TheBlackMasses.wav

From the above: "The Black masses remain trapped here in the slums."

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MX63UnityRally
Apologies&MarchOnWashington.rm

Minister X holds a Unity Rally in Harlem where he reads the letters of Black leaders who send their regrets for not attending, then gives an assessment of the upcoming "March On Washington" in terms of issues and tactics.

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All files digitized and © (P) 1999 by J. C. Kaelin, Jr.. This webpage, its compilation and respective content also © (P) 1999 by J. C. Kaelin, Jr.. No use on or off the Internet permitted without the express written permission of J. C. Kaelin, Jr..




© 1996-2014, J. C. Kaelin, Jr.. All Rights Reserved.

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